A personal injury lawyer is an individual who assists those who have suffered physical or psychological injuries due to someone else’s negligence. An attorney who works in the personal injury field can provide legal services. This attorney can work in a court of law to prove the negligence of whatever person, entity, or company was responsible for the conditions leading to the injury.
Personal injury attorneys are sometimes referred to as “trial lawyers,” though many personal injury claims are settled out of court without the necessity of a trial.
While all attorneys must pass the state bar exam and qualify to practice law in his or her state, some states also require the attorney to pass a written ethics exam. Different states in the U.S. have varying requirement for personal injury. Some state bar associations specifically certify lawyers in the field of personal injury, which states like New Jersey give qualified attorneys the title of “Certified Trial Attorney,” to both plaintiff and defense attorneys.
There are professional organizations for personal injury law, such as the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL), and the American Association for Justice, which is headquartered in Washington D.C. and opposes tort reform.
In many trials, the personal injury lawyer must re-create – for the purpose of demonstrating the conditions to a jury – the situation at the time of the injury. By presenting a credible account of the physical environment, the actions of the various individuals involved, and the nature of the injury itself, the lawyer can show why the situation was unsafe. If there were, say, unsafe work conditions, an employer may be found negligible and subject to paying damages to the injured party.